OFICINA REGIONAL DE ONUSIDA PARA AMÉRICA LATINA Y EL CARIBE

Interviews to international development experts on HIV and Post 2015 agenda

We cannot slow down our efforts, if we want to end AIDS. Interview with Jose Luis Machinea, former Executive Secretary of ECLAC, MDGs and development expert

CEPAL"Latin America over the past 10 years has performed well economically and socially by strongly reducing poverty levels. Obviously this does not mean inequality has been eliminated, the region remains the most unequal in terms of income distribution, and inequities in gender relations and between urban and rural areas remain strong. Besides this, we continue to see deep inequalities in access to services, such as education, health and pensions.

Inequality is a major cause of violence, both in families as well as in society. It also impacts on pandemics affecting the region, such as HIV. Social groups, who are economically and socially excluded due to lack of access to resources and education, are the most vulnerable to HIV and the most affected by the epidemic. Although there has been significant progress, governments fail to fully protect these sectors of the population who suffer from the impact of persistent inequality.

We need to duplicate efforts, resources and advocacy to address structural challenges reaching out to vulnerable populations and responding to their needs, especially strengthening the equal access to health services. To this end, it is essential to implement basic social protection mechanisms if we want to achieve universal coverage in health and HIV related services.

No person shall be considered as lower-class citizen, we should all have equal access to health services, including HIV-related services. Only then we will be able to achieve greater social cohesion and a shared development project for everyone in the world. We cannot slow down our efforts if we want to end AIDS"

JOVENAny issue that is a threat to lives of people must be part of the development agenda Interview to Tamian Beckfort, young leader, former Minister of Youth of Jamaica, expert on youth violence and safety

"Any issue that is a threat to lives of people must be part of the development agenda beyond 2015. I am convinced that HIV is a threat that affects people. For this reason, HIV should be part of all government policies.

HIV affects everyone, regardless of race, culture, place or age. However, we see that HIV has a young face. Young people need to be empowered and that education plans in sexual and reproductive health are implemented from the school system, as we achieved in Jamaica. Only then we can have the tools to prevent it.

Furthermore, it is necessary to involve young people in decision-making processes in matters that have to do with our lives and well-being, such as HIV.

Young people know what the best strategies are to reach out our peers. Technology is very important to inform and promote HIV prevention. But we must not forget that many young people do not have internet access. What it is needed then is to reach young people in the streets, in their communities and in their neighborhoods.

We must ensure that young people are included in the post 2015 development agenda, in order to be able to effectively advocate for those issues that we consider as the most important, such as HIV. "

embajadaOne of the most important aspects is education. Interview with Alex Campo, Deputy Chief Manager in International Affairs at the Embassy of El Salvador in Panama

"HIV is a challenge for humanity. Approaching HIV in the development agenda requires responsibility and sensitivity because the epidemic is the result of complex social factors.

One of the most important has to do with education. We have to educate our children and adolescents on HIV and how to prevent it.

HIV has to be part of the global post 2015 development agenda with the commitment of all countries in the world so we can all contribute to the reduction and eradication of the epidemic. "

 

 

antropologiaWe can´t compare what the world invests in HIV prevention with the social costs that HIV can have if we don´t do it. Interview with Elena Azaola Garrido, Researcher and Professor at the Center for Research and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology in Mexico, expert in anthropology and public safety.

HIV is a disease that we can prevent and avoid today. However, its impact is still destructive to communities worldwide. HIV must be part of the development agenda. No investment in prevention has enormous social costs. We can´t compare what we invest in prevention with the social costs that HIV can cause if we do not do it.

 

 

 

 

SAVE the ChildrenStrengthening social protection of children living with HIV should be a priority for the new development agenda. Interview with Sonia Silva, Director of Save the Children in El Salvador and Hans Lind, Advocacy Advisor at Save the Children in Peru, childhood development experts

"Children living with HIV need to have access to quality health services. However, this is difficult when there are no adults taking care of them or when they are living in poverty and are affected by inequalities. It is therefore essential to establish social protection mechanisms that can protect these children, guaranteeing their access to health and HIV related services and to the school system.

In addition, more efforts are needed in order to reduce stigma and discrimination against children living with HIV promoting solidarity. We have to work with children in school and with the community to ensure social inclusion of children affected and infected by HIV. Only then children living with HIV will have a better quality of life, allowing them to develop and thrive.


image002The post 2015 development agenda must include LGBT populations, not as victims, but as subjects of law. Interview with Zailoamérica Ortega Murillo, Director of the Center for International Studies in Nicaragua and Carlos Castel, Communications Adviser, gender and development experts.

¨The post 2015 development agenda has to do with overcoming discrimination against vulnerable groups. The first condition to address the HIV epidemic is to promote equal access to health services. The global agenda should include vulnerable groups and recognize them as subjects of law and not as victims.

Stigma and discrimination are factors contributing to the spread of the epidemic. Stigma and discrimination contribute to build ghettos of social exclusion and isolation where HIV spreads. For these reason, many people hide their sexual orientation and do not attend HIV prevention services and care.

The lack of access to care is a form of violence against LGBT people in the community. In this sense, the global agenda on violence must take into account factors such as the exclusion of LGTB populations from health services. As we promote equality, we are reducing the epidemic.¨

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